Festival International Jean Rouch 2009 (28ème Bilan du Film Ethnographique)
28e édition


Bilan du film ethnographique

Organisé depuis vingt-huit ans, le Bilan du film ethnographique présente les tendances les plus originales de l’anthropologie audiovisuelle dans le monde et près de 1 200 films y ont été projetés.
Cette manifestation dont le rayonnement n’a cessé de croître est devenue aujourd’hui l’une des plus importantes sur le plan international.
En 2008, en hommage à son fondateur, le Bilan du film ethnographique est devenu : Festival International Jean Rouch. Ce fut l’occasion d’une réorganisation en profondeur des différentes phases de préparation de la manifestation et la création d’une direction artistique du festival. Un comité international issu de l’audiovisuel et de la recherche sélectionne les films. Le week-end inaugural du festival est dédié à la présentation d’une manifestation européenne (Beeld voor Beeld, Amsterdam) dans le domaine du documentaire anthropologique. Cette initiative a pour objectif de consacrer l’existence du réseau européen CAFFE (Coordinating Anthropological Film Festivals of Europe).
Cette manifestation de référence, organisée en partenariat avec le CNRS Images et le Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, s’adresse aux productions de documentaires de création à caractère anthropologique qui tentent de rendre compte des différentes manières qu’ont les êtres humains de vivre leurs sociétés. Le festival accorde une grande importance aux innovations aussi bien thématiques que formelles. Une attention particulière est portée à la production de films issus des différentes écoles de cinéma documentaire ainsi qu’à la relation du réel avec la fiction. Chaque séance de projection est suivie d’un débat avec les réalisateurs présents.

Compétition internationale :

Une trentaine de films produits de 2007 à 2009, souvent inédits en France, concourent pour les prix suivants :
Grand prix Nanook – Jean Rouch (CNRS Images : 1 500 €)
Prix Mario Ruspoli (Direction du Livre et de la Lecture, Ministère de la Culture : 1 000 € et diffusion du film dans les réseaux de lecture publique.)
Prix du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel (Mission du patrimoine, Ministère de la Culture : 1 000 €)
Prix Bartok (Société Française d’Ethnomusicologie : 1 000 €)
Prix Fatumbi – décerné à un premier film d’anthropologie – (Société Française d’Anthropologie Visuelle : 500 €)

Carte blanche au Beeld voor Beeld d’Amsterdam (Pays-Bas)

Cette année, en ouverture de la manifestation, le 14 et 15 mars, la Carte Blanche est consacrée au festival néerlandais Beeld voor Beeld d’Amsterdam pour une rétrospective hors compétition. La programmation se compose d’une sélection de documentaires réalisés ces dernières années par des cinéastes des Pays-Bas et présentés par Eddy Appels, directeur du festival.

Publics scolaires

C’est aussi l’occasion pour le Festival International Jean Rouch d’organiser en partenariat avec la région Île de France des projections destinées au public scolaire des collèges et lycées. Cette initiative a lieu pendant les matinées (18, 19 et 20 mars) de 10h00-13h00.
L’objectif est lors de « projections-rencontres » avec des réalisateurs et des chercheurs des films projetés, d’initier au décryptage de l’image documentaire, pour permettre aux participants de mieux comprendre les enjeux et les perspectives de nos sociétés actuelles.

Organisation du festival :
Laetitia Merli, directrice artistique du festival, anthropologue et cinéaste
Françoise Foucault, secrétaire générale du Comité du film ethnographique
Laurent Pellé, coordinateur.


Saturday 14th March and Sunday 15th March

14h30/18h30 – « Carte blanche » to Beeld voor Beeld Festival (Pays-Bas).
Two days screening devoted to Dutch Anthropological Documentaries, followed by debates with Eddy Appels, Director of Beeld voor Beeld Festival.

Monday 16th March

La Robe du Temps (Niger – 52 min – 2008)
Malam Saguirou (Niger)
Ousseini, the young chief of the very traditional Butcher Brotherhood in Zinder, Niger, takes up a double challenge: by trying to develop the meat exporting channel in his area, he both wants to legitimate his recently acquired position as a traditional chief and to assert himself as an innovative chief.
Tukki Bi – Le Voyage (Sénégal – 75 min – 2008)
Jenny Maggi (Suisse), Dame Sarr (Sénégal)
Dame Sarr, a Senegalese migrant, during a journey back to his community of origin in Louga, discuss with local inhabitants about their perception of causes and consequences of migration to Europe.
Nord-sud.com (Cameroun, Belgique, France – 45 min – 2007)
François Ducat (Belgique)
« North-South » looks at the relations between the developed and developing worlds through the prism of relationships between white men and black women on the Internet. Several stories cross each other, revealing the dreams, hopes and disappointments that underlie these singular encounters.
Un soir d’été, un étranger (France – 46 min – 2007)
Olivier Bertrand (France)
In 1997, inhabitants of an Île-de-France village have hidden for a few months a young illegal Moroccan who turned up in their village. An underground network was created. Some people hid him in their attic. Most of them were elderly people, not especially activists. Ten years later, Miloud has disappeared. We went back to Janvry, to understand what made those people open their door.

Le Gendarme Citron (Nouvelle-Calédonie – 52 min – 2008)
Gilles Dagneau (France)
In the middle of the fifties, Robert Citron known as « The state trooper lemon » leaves to discovery the New Caledonia, to live a human and film adventure. He takes one 8 mm movie camera and he acts as filmmaker. 50 years later, his pictures turned in the island of Pines and in Canala are made public and deciphered by the collectors of heritage Kanak.
Gina’s Wedding (Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée – 52 min – 2008)
Réalisation : Martin Maden (Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée)
Gina’s Wedding » is a film about inter-cultural relationships, a love story between Gina, a young German woman and Napamogona, a native village in Papua New Guinea. The village has decided to host Gina’s wedding with Mark, her fiancé. The film describes how love can become the basis of collective human organisation.
Himalaya, terre des femmes (Inde – 52 min – 2008)
Marianne Chaud (France)
Filmed from the point of view of a subjective camera, this film offers a sensitive and poetic immersion in the life of four generations of women during harvesting season, in one of the most isolated villages in the Himalayan region of Zanskar.

Tuesday 17th March

Pixinguinha e a Velha Guarda do Samba – Pixinguinha et la Vieille Garde du Samba (hors compétition) (Brésil – 10 min – 2006)
Thomaz Farkas, Ricardo Dias (Brésil)
In1954 Thomaz Farkas shot, with his wind-up 16mm camera, Pixinguinha and the Old Guard at São Paulo’s Fourth Centenary festivities. This material was lost and then rediscovered 50 years later..
À l’hôpital pour violons… (France – 8 min – 2008)
Flora Reboussin, Alexandra Sallé, Aurore Samson (France)
Cécile Grange has always had a passion for music. Very young, she learnt the violoncello, but, following an accident, its instrument broke. She wanted to become « doctor for violoncellos ». We follow her while she repairs a violin whose handle broke.
Rules and Rebels. A Portrait (Norvège, USA – 28 min – 2008)
Réalisation : Ronnie Smith (Norvège)
Portrait of an avant-garde music style called Open Form. Through the eyes of one of the performers we get an insight into a musical subculture which aesthetic and artistic codes and values are far from mainstream. The objective of this project is to create a collage where the visual, aura land textual is represented to make this musical phenomenon as comprehensive as possible.
Le Salaire du poète (Vanuatu – 59 min – 2008)
Eric Wittersheim (France)
Alex, an outstanding French linguist from the CNRS, has been adopted by the people of Motalavai island, in Vanuatu. He decides to go back there with all his family, especially for the launching of an epic traditional chant dedicated to his own work.
L’Homme qu’il faut à la place qu’il faut (Guinée – 65 min – 2008)
Réalisation : Cédric Dupire, Matthieu Imbert-Bouchard (France)
In Conakry, in the entrance hall of the People’s Palace, an imposing fresco at the effigy of Fadouba Oularé is hanged enthroned. He is represented with his Djembe, surrounded by his people, his rifle and the feast raised. He is the incarnation of the slogan sent out by the Sékou Touré government to mobilize the Guinean population : « The right man at the right place ».
Jacy Inspiraçao, A cara do Brasil – Jacy Inspiraçao, le visage du Brésil, dans les replis du carnaval (Brésil – 72 min – 2008)
Clément Crauste (France)
Respected compositor in his community of the Coroa (Santa Teresa, Rio de Janeiro), Jacy Inspiração is an old hand of « samba-enredo ». Every year with the aim of the carnival, he composes and proposes new one samba to one of the schools of the « Special Group » trying to gain the first place of the classification…

Domenica dei fiori – Sunday Flowers (Roumanie – 21 min – 2008)
Ferruccio Goia, Roberto Kusterle (Italie)
A documentary film of the Orthodox Easter celebrated in a village in the Maramures area, Romania. This film try to discover the roots that belong to a Romanian culture which so far has maintained its medieval traits and traditions.
A Tal Guerreira – Clara guerrière – Clara’s Prayer (Brésil – 14 min – 2008)
Marcelo Caetano (Brésil)
Clara Nunes was Brazil’s most popular singer when she died in the eighties. Her unique style mixed bossa nova with Afro-Brazilian religions. For many followers, she became an orisha deity. This tribute to Clara Nunes questions the limits between sacred and profane.
Prophète(s) (France – 46 min – 2007)
Damien Mottier (France)
Placide is a young native from Ivory Coast. He comes to Paris with the sole intention of evangelizing France. He preaches sometimes in the Parisian subway and soon meets a man who will become his spiritual father, a prophet.
Nouvelle Terre promise (Colombie – 45 min – 2008)
Hervé Colombani (France)
In the Colombian Amazon, a religious community, known under the name of « Israélitas Movement », tries to reconstitute a lifestyle of the origins, based on a new compilation of the Ten Commands.

Wednesday 18th March

L’École nomade (Russie – 52 min – 2008)
Michel Debats (France)
Instead of going away to school, some Evenk children of remote Siberia have the school brought to them! French anthropologist Alexandra Lavrillier is fighting alongside the Evenk people of southeastern Siberia to save their heritage. She has helped set up a mobile school to give Evenk children the chance to receive a modern education without having to sacrifice their ancestral traditions.
Stone Pastures (Inde – 65 min – 2008)
Donagh Coleman (Finlande)
Stone Pastures tells the story of a nomadic family living on the Himalayan plateau of Ladakh. In this cold desert, the family struggles rearing pashmina goats. Ladakh’s gritty conditions give rise to the finest of materials, pashmina wool. This is the raw material for luxurious Kashmiri shawls, and the family’s only source of income.
Echagh – The Well (Mali – 32 min – 2008)
Souleimane Diallo (Mali)
A Tuareg Fraction called Igorareine live in a locality called Echagh situated to 40 km in the northeast from Gao, northern Mali. They are basically occupied with sheep, goats, camels, cattle, breeding and have been practising a nomadic live for generations. Nowadays, some of them are about to leave this ancestral way of live due to many loss of animals caused by the desertification of the Sahara.
After War, before Peace : Democracy in Lal, Central Afghanistan (Afghanistan –
34 min – 2008)
Christof Thurnherr (Suisse)
Hazarajat, Central Afghanistan : in the aftermath of 30 years of Civil War the people try to adapt themselves to the new social and administrative organisations. The advent of the western enforced new political ideas has brought a significant shift of power. Old leaders are struggling to keep their positions or are able to adapt themselves to the new circumstances. Meanwhile, as winter falls, ordinary people continue their daily routines in this remote and forgotten valley.
Casa Mia (Roumanie – 64 min – 2007)
Debora Scaperrotta (Italie)
On the outskirts of Bucharest, two 14-year-olds live by themselves in an apartment, without their families. How is it that they got here? What about their past? Alex and Petronel struggle to cope with daily life as adults. At any rate, they’ve never been allowed a real childhood. Casa Mia follows them in their thoughts and in their memories of their past lives spent with their families and on the streets.

Umoja, le village interdit aux hommes (Kenya – 52 min – 2008)
Jean-Marc Sainclair, Jean Crousillac (France)
From 1970 to 2003, 1600 women claimed they have been raped by British soldiers in Northern Kenya. Husbands felt dishonoured and reject their wives after beating them. A few women gathered and created Umoja, a village forbidden to men. Jealous men frequently attack Umoja and create many problems to Rebecca, founder of the village.
Les Secrets (hors compétition) (France – 26 min – 2007)
Tony Quéméré (France)
Letter from a father to his daughter, a letter for the future probably. Through this process, the director tells the story of a family, his proper family, in a rural area deeply affected by a social and economic dismay. Where a bitter alcohol is passed down from a generation to the next one. Words are rough as he felt his situation as little boy, a teenager, and now as a father.
L’Innocence (France – 62 min – 2008)
Adrien Charmot (France)
I did try to forget, but it’s impossible. I have tried so much to forget, that I don’t remember anymore how it happened, how many times it happened. (A. C.)

Thursday 19th March

Goleshovo (Bulgarie – 33 min – 2008)
Ilian Metev (Bulgarie)
This is a tale about the death of Goleshovo, a forgotten town in the mountains of Bulgaria. Here, a handful of old people struggle for survival: A couple fights with their donkey. A forgetful priest leads his congregation into confusion. A woman cheers up her friends with songs. Will their children ever return? Composed with rigorous attention to form, this observational documentary is an austere yet ultimately rewarding portrait of hope.
Souvenirs de Madrid (Espagne – 64 min – 2008)
Jacques Duron (France)
A portrait of Madrid, filmed as a village, a film in inventory form. Documentary but without voice-over, it is a survey of the present day, a brief socio-anthropological essay. A recital, a succession of present moments, presented without judgement, street scenes with a Madrid backdrop. All seems straightforward and devoid of dramatic contrivance.
Mafrouza – Oh la nuit ! (Égypte – 140 min – 2007)
Emmanuelle Demoris (France)
First of 5 films dedicated to Mafrouza, a shantytown built inside the antique necropolis of Alexandria. First arrival in the area and first meetings. The camera takes us to discover how to take time with the people of Mafrouza, to reveal their incredible strength for life.

La Voix des pistes (Maroc, Mauritanie, Mali, Burkina Faso – 26 min – 2008)
Jennifer Raoult, Sebastian Grounauer (France)
This film reports the tour of the company of street theatre « the Three points of suspension » and a collective of circus artists. Following the roads of Morocco, Burkina Faso, and Mali, they improvise spectacles in remote villages and for the children of the orphanages. This voyage, rich in human encounters, musical and cultural exchanges, is also, for these artists, another way to discover Africa.
Of Shadows and Men – Les ombres de Yunmeng (Chine – 23 min – 2008)
Aurélien Foucault, Cédric Quennesson (France)
In Yunmeng District, there’s a theatre, a bustling teahouse where old men gather amongst the shadows of the past, drinking tea and playing cards. There, an ancient art takes place and brings magic back into everyday life. But China’s growth towards a new century brings up a few questions…
Les Anges de la piste (Chine – 75 min – 2008)
Rémy Ricordeau (France)
The Fei Fei Circus troupe travels the roads of the Chinese province of Shanxi trying to make a living with this traditional popular entertainment. They confront the harsh conditions of the Chinese countryside. A version of the Myth of Sisyphes as metaphor of rural China today…

Friday 20th March

Sambatra (Madagascar – 52 min – 2008)
Ronan Leroy (France)
The Sambatra is a collective circumcision ritual that the Antambahoaka, one of the eighteen ethnic groups on Madagascar, celebrates every seven years in Mananjary, on the east coast of the island.
The Sacred Goats of the Kalash in the Hindukush (Pakistan – 41 min – 2008)
Birgitte Glavind Sperber (Danemark) – Yasir Kalash (Pakistan)
The Kalasha tribe of the Hindukush in NW Pakistan is a minority of 3-4000 people with its own religion and culture. The Kalash are the last remnants of a goat culture that dominated in vast areas of Central Asia till the advent of Islam. This culture is now endangered due to plans of making the precious high pastures into a buffer zone for a Nature Park. Also, neighbouring people make lawsuits against the Kalash claiming for the pastures. The goats are basis of the religion and economy of the Kalash. The film shows all the aspects of Kalasha life where goats are important – directly or indirectly : the dairy production, ritual purifications, sacrifices to God.
Boliya pitaier sohoki sotal – A Duet with the River God (Inde – 125 min – 2008)
Altaf Mazid (Inde)
On the India-Bhutan border, 650,000 of the Bodo ethnic majority divert the course of the Pagladia River to 116 villages through 13 embankments. They are taking the river home from a rerouted course created in the 1920’s. Only utilizing natural environmental sound, the film portrays the community’s collective action at the very first embankment by the river’s origin. They lift stone by stone, else they cease to exist.

Léonarda (Biélorussie – 69 min – 2007)
Guillaume Kozakiewiez (France)
A movie about an encounter in Belarus, between a great-grandson and his foremother. The filmmaker, and the old catholic small farmer build an unlikely but magical couple. Together they live these moments as a privileged time, away from everything. But, over the journeys and the seasons, both realities come back to them and, little by little, the magic withdraws.
Cuba, el arte de la espera – Cuba, l’art de l’attente (Cuba – 81 min – 2008)
Eduardo Lamora (Cuba)
Havana 1977: One day I decided to go into exile. This film relates the return to my hometown thirty years later. My clandestine camera goes at the bottom of the Cuban society, just as Fidel Castro has officially given the power to his brother Raul. He has held the bridles during forty-eight years of absolute power. The children of the Cuban revolution are now facing a bitter day-to-day life while a new upper class lead by the old generation in power is desperately hanging at it.

Saturday 21st March

Old Man Peter (Russie – 26 min – 2008)
Ivan Golovnev (Russie)
This film takes us into the world of old man Peter Sengepov, the last surviving Shaman of the Kazym River, who lives alone in the depths of the Siberian taiga. A dialogue between people, nature and gods via sacred knowledge – in the modern era, only a few cultures based on myth survive…
Gathering Strength (Brésil – 34 min – 2008)
Joceny Pinheiro (Brésil)
The film presents the annual gathering of indigenous leaders from the state of Ceara, in the Northeast of Brazil. In a 5-day encounter, we follow these leaders as they share their experiences, as they speak, sing, dance and pray together, in moments that are emotionally charged for the participants.
Kiyoukta (Canada – 40 min – 2008)
Aïda Maigre-Touchet (France)
We are in Nunavut, in the great Canadian North, offshore of a calcite mine, a military base, and an evanescent millennial spirit. Between ice and waters, Kiyukta evokes a delicate wandering with the Inuit people, conscious and disquiet, who bring us along as time goes by…
No More Smoke Signals (États-Unis – 90 min – 2008)
Fanny Bräuning (Suisse)
Kili Radio – « Voice of the Lakota Nation » – is broadcast out of a small wooden house that sits isolated on a hill, lost in the vast countryside of South Dakota. It’s a place that’s long forgotten; lying at the crossroads between combat and hope, between the American dream and daily existence on America’s poorest reservation. Instead of sending smoke signals the radio station transmits its own signals with a delightful combination of humour and melancholy. Native hip hop and broken windshields : pride has been restored – it really is OK to be Lakota.

21h – Ceremony of Awards and closing cocktail

Sunday 22nd March

from 14h
Screening of the awarded films

The Festival team thanks
for his support : Cinéma du Réel
for their partnership ; Ambassade des Pays-Bas en France – CNRS Images – DRAC Île-de-France, service du cinéma, de l’audiovisuel et du multimédia – Images en Bibliothèques – IRD, Délégation à l’information et à la communication – Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, Direction du livre et de la lecture, Mission pour l’audiovisuel, et la Mission à l’ethnologie, DAPA – Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Musée de l’Homme – Région Île-de-France – Société française d’anthropologie visuelle – Société française d’ethnomusicologie, et tout particulièrement Trân Quang Haï.
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