Fiche Personne
Réalisateur/trice

Harold M. Shaw

États-Unis

Français

Harold Marvin SHAW (1877-1926).
Après avoir débuté comme acteur dans un théâtre de San Francisco en 1893, Shaw se tourne vers l’industrie du cinéma en 1909.

Shaw s’installe en Angleterre où il signe comme réalisateur une trentaine de films pour la London Film Company. Parmi ses succès The House of Temperley (1913) et Trilby (1914). [1] Il a aussi fait un film pour le recrutement dans l’armée en guerre, commande du gouvernement britannique: « You » (1916). En 1916, Shaw et Edna Flugrath sa femme signent avec le mogul sudafricain I. W. Schlesinger et sa société African Film Productions. Leur premier projet fut De Voortrekkers (1916), qui se voulait la version sud-africaine The Birth of A Nation (La Naissance d’une Nation) (1915) de D. W. Griffith. Shaw aurait réalisé en Afrique du Sud au moins deux autres films en tant que réalisateur indépendant : The Rose of Rhodesia (1918) et Thoroughbreds All (1918).

Shaw meurt dans un accident de voiture à Los Angeles le 30 janvier 1926 (The Los Angeles Times, 31 janvier 1926, page 12).

Filmographie
A Fool’s Awakening (1924), Metro, USA, 5760 ft.
Rouged Lips (1923), Metro, USA, 5120 ft.
Held to Answer (1923), Metro, USA, 5601 ft.
Love and a Whirlwind (1922), Alliance, UK, 6 reels.
*The Wheels of Chance (1922), Stoll, UK, 5312 ft. (British Film Institute)
*False Evidence (1922), Stoll, UK, 6050 ft. (BFI and Royal Belgian Film Archive, Brussels)
*General John Regan (1921), Stoll, UK, 6300 ft. (BFI)
*Kipps (1921) aka Kipps. The Story of A Simple Soul, Stoll, UK, 6194 ft (BFI)
The Woman of His Dreams (1921), Stoll, UK, 4320 ft.
A Dear Fool (1921), Stoll, UK, 6454 ft.
The Pursuit of Pamela (1920), London Film Company, UK, 5241 ft.
True Tilda (1920), LFC, UK, 4654 ft.
The Land of Mystery (1920), LFC, UK, 7220 ft.
London Pride (1920), LFC, UK, 5200 ft.
Thoroughbreds All (1918), Harold Shaw Film Productions, South Africa, 5 reels
*The Rose of Rhodesia (1918), Harold Shaw Film Productions, South Africa, 5 reels (Nederlands Filmmuseum)
*De Voortrekkers (1916) aka Winning A Continent, African Films Production, 7 reels (National Film, Video and Sound Archive, Pretoria, South Africa; also available on DVD from Villon Films, Vancouver)
You (1916), LFC, UK, 1330ft.
Me and Me Moke (1916) aka Me and M’Pal, LFC, UK, 4138 ft.
The Last Challenge (1916), LFC, UK, 3200 ft.
The Two Roads (1915), LFC, UK, 4070 ft
The Third Generation (1915), LFC, UK, 4060 ft. alt. 4650 ft.
Mr. Lyndon at Liberty (1915), LFC, UK, 5180 ft.
The Heart of Sister Ann (1915), LFC, UK, 3945 ft.
The Heart of A Child (1915), LFC, UK, 3945 ft. alt 4590 ft,
The Firm of Girdlestone (1915), LFC, UK, 5100 ft.
The Derby Winner (1915), LFC, UK, 4900 ft.
Brother Officers (1915), LFC, UK, 3975 ft.
The Ashes of Revenge (1915), LFC, UK, 3600 ft.
A Garret in Bohemia (1915), LFC, UK, 2795 ft.
V.C. (1914) aka The Victoria Cross, LFC, UK, 2942 ft.
Two Little Ambitions (1914)
Two Little Britons (1914), LFC, UK, 3100 ft.
*The Two Columbines (1914), LFC, UK, 2036 ft. alt 1987 ft. (BFI)
*Trilby (1914), LFC, UK, 3400 ft. (BFI, incomplete print)
*The Ring and the Rajah (1914), LFC, UK, 1170 ft. (BFI, incomplete print)
Lil O’ London (1914), LFC, UK, 2100 ft.
Liberty Hall (1914), LFC, UK, 3600 ft.
Lawyer Quince (1914), LFC, UK, 1078 ft.
The King’s Minister (1914), LFC, UK, 2922 ft.
The Incomparable Bellairs (1914) aka The Incomparable Mistress Bellairs, LFC, UK, 3400 ft.
Her Children (1914), LFC, UK, 1071 ft.
For the Empire (1914) aka For Home and Country, LFC, UK, 2100 ft.
England’s Menace (1914), LFC, UK, 2230 ft.
Duty (1914), LFC, UK, 1150 ft.
Clancarty (1914), LFC, UK, 1760 ft.
A Christmas Carol (1914), LFC, UK, 1340 ft. alt 1356 ft.
Child O’ My Heart (1914), LFC, UK, 1920 ft.
Branscombe’s Pal (1914), LFC, UK, 2042 ft.
Beauty and the Barge (1914), LFC, UK, 1242 ft.
The Bosun’s Mate (1914), LFC, UK, 1130 ft.
Bootle’s Baby (1914), LFC, UK, 3794 ft.
The House of Temperley (1913), LFC, UK, 4500 ft.
The Cub (1913), Universal/IMP, USA, 1 reel
The Old Melody (1913), Universal/IMP, USA, 2 reels
The Wizard of the Jungle (1913), World’s Best Film Co, USA, 2 reels.
The Phantom Ship (1913)
*At Bear Track Gulch (1912), Edison, USA, 14 min. (Available on DVD from Museum of Modern Art, New York)
*The Land Beyond the Sunset (1912) Edison, USA, 14 min. (Available on DVD from the National Film Preservation Foundation)
The Librarian (1912), Edison, USA
Helping John (1912), Edison, USA
The Dam Builder (1912), Edison, USA
The Cub Reporter (1912), Edison, USA
Kid from the Klondyke (1911), Edison, USA

Source:
http://www.latrobe.edu.au/screeningthepast/25/rose-of-rhodesia/appendix-e.html

English

Harold Marvin SHAW (1877-1926).
After starting out as an actor in a San Francisco theatre in 1893, Shaw turned to the motion-picture business in 1909. As a member of the Edison Company’s stock of actors, he starred in several films by Edwin S. Porter. In 1911 he made his directorial debut in Edison’s New York studios, where he met his future wife Edna Flugrath. After briefly working for other companies, Shaw moved to England, where he directed over thirty films for the London Film Company. His most successful productions included The House of Temperley (1913) and Trilby (1914).[1] He also made a wartime recruitment film, sponsored by the British government, titled « You » (1916). In 1916, Shaw and Flugrath signed contracts with South African entertainment mogul I. W. Schlesinger and his African Film Productions. Their first project was De Voortrekkers (1916), a lavish historical epic intended to be the South African equivalent of D. W. Griffith’s The Birth of A Nation (1915). Shaw completed at least two further films as an independent director in South Africa, The Rose of Rhodesia (1918) and Thoroughbreds All (1918). He made another eleven films in England after returning there in 1919. According to Rachael Low, Shaw’s work at this point « had deteriorated, his wife Edna Flugrath astonished and appalled the critics by taking unsuitable ingénue parts, and the work of the [London] company now seemed naive and out of date » (Low 1971, 123). Shaw returned to the US, making one film on a trans-Atlantic liner and three in Hollywood for Metro before retiring (Bushnell 1993, 308). Shaw died in a car accident Los Angeles on 30 January 1926 (The Los Angeles Times, 31 January 1926, 12). In 2000, the United States National Film Preservation Board added Shaw’s The Land Beyond the Sunset (1912) to its National Registry of landmark films.


Harold Shaw filmography



The following list of films directed by Harold Shaw has been compiled from various books and online databases, including Alan Goble’s Complete Index to World Film (http://www.citwf.com), the British Film Institute’s film and television database (http://www.bfi.org.uk/filmtvinfo/ftvdb/), the Internet Movie Database (http://www.imdb.com), and Kenneth M. Cameron’s Africa on Film: Beyond Black and White (1994). It is necessarily preliminary and incomplete. Since the vast majority of Shaw’s films have not survived, film titles have been recovered using contemporary notices in the trade press and other archival sources. For films that were evidently re-released under a new title, the alternative title is given in parenthesis following the « original » title (although which came first is not always clear). In some cases, further research is necessary to determine whether two titles actually refer to two different films. Shaw claimed to have made thirty-three films for the London Film Company before leaving for Africa in 1916, but the following list contains thirty-seven. While he may have misremembered, it is more likely that some of the films are mentioned twice. For example, The Heart of Sister Ann [1915] may well refer to the same film as The Heart of A Child [1915], and Two Little Ambitions [1914] is probably identical with Two Little Britons [1914].

Each entry gives the date of production in parenthesis followed by the production company, country of origin, and film length measured in feet or reels. The speed for showing movies during the silent era was 14-18 frames per second (as compared with 24 frames per second today). One reel of film was about 1000 ft. long and lasted approximately 15 minutes. As the list indicates, Shaw directed feature-length films as well as shorter one- and two-reelers, which in the 1910s and 1920s were often shown prior to the main feature. Extant titles are marked with an asterisk (*) and the holding institution’s name given at the end of the entry.



A Fool’s Awakening (1924), Metro, USA, 5760 ft.
Rouged Lips (1923), Metro, USA, 5120 ft.
Held to Answer (1923), Metro, USA, 5601 ft.
Love and a Whirlwind (1922), Alliance, UK, 6 reels.
*The Wheels of Chance (1922), Stoll, UK, 5312 ft. (British Film Institute)
*False Evidence (1922), Stoll, UK, 6050 ft. (BFI and Royal Belgian Film Archive, Brussels)
*General John Regan (1921), Stoll, UK, 6300 ft. (BFI)
*Kipps (1921) aka Kipps. The Story of A Simple Soul, Stoll, UK, 6194 ft (BFI)
The Woman of His Dreams (1921), Stoll, UK, 4320 ft.
A Dear Fool (1921), Stoll, UK, 6454 ft.
The Pursuit of Pamela (1920), London Film Company, UK, 5241 ft.
True Tilda (1920), LFC, UK, 4654 ft.
The Land of Mystery (1920), LFC, UK, 7220 ft.
London Pride (1920), LFC, UK, 5200 ft.
Thoroughbreds All (1918), Harold Shaw Film Productions, South Africa, 5 reels
*The Rose of Rhodesia (1918), Harold Shaw Film Productions, South Africa, 5 reels (Nederlands Filmmuseum)
*De Voortrekkers (1916) aka Winning A Continent, African Films Production, 7 reels (National Film, Video and Sound Archive, Pretoria, South Africa; also available on DVD from Villon Films, Vancouver)
You (1916), LFC, UK, 1330ft.
Me and Me Moke (1916) aka Me and M’Pal, LFC, UK, 4138 ft.
The Last Challenge (1916), LFC, UK, 3200 ft.
The Two Roads (1915), LFC, UK, 4070 ft
The Third Generation (1915), LFC, UK, 4060 ft. alt. 4650 ft.
Mr. Lyndon at Liberty (1915), LFC, UK, 5180 ft.
The Heart of Sister Ann (1915), LFC, UK, 3945 ft.
The Heart of A Child (1915), LFC, UK, 3945 ft. alt 4590 ft,
The Firm of Girdlestone (1915), LFC, UK, 5100 ft.
The Derby Winner (1915), LFC, UK, 4900 ft.
Brother Officers (1915), LFC, UK, 3975 ft.
The Ashes of Revenge (1915), LFC, UK, 3600 ft.
A Garret in Bohemia (1915), LFC, UK, 2795 ft.
V.C. (1914) aka The Victoria Cross, LFC, UK, 2942 ft.
Two Little Ambitions (1914)
Two Little Britons (1914), LFC, UK, 3100 ft.
*The Two Columbines (1914), LFC, UK, 2036 ft. alt 1987 ft. (BFI)
*Trilby (1914), LFC, UK, 3400 ft. (BFI, incomplete print)
*The Ring and the Rajah (1914), LFC, UK, 1170 ft. (BFI, incomplete print)
Lil O’ London (1914), LFC, UK, 2100 ft.
Liberty Hall (1914), LFC, UK, 3600 ft.
Lawyer Quince (1914), LFC, UK, 1078 ft.
The King’s Minister (1914), LFC, UK, 2922 ft.
The Incomparable Bellairs (1914) aka The Incomparable Mistress Bellairs, LFC, UK, 3400 ft.
Her Children (1914), LFC, UK, 1071 ft.
For the Empire (1914) aka For Home and Country, LFC, UK, 2100 ft.
England’s Menace (1914), LFC, UK, 2230 ft.
Duty (1914), LFC, UK, 1150 ft.
Clancarty (1914), LFC, UK, 1760 ft.
A Christmas Carol (1914), LFC, UK, 1340 ft. alt 1356 ft.
Child O’ My Heart (1914), LFC, UK, 1920 ft.
Branscombe’s Pal (1914), LFC, UK, 2042 ft.
Beauty and the Barge (1914), LFC, UK, 1242 ft.
The Bosun’s Mate (1914), LFC, UK, 1130 ft.
Bootle’s Baby (1914), LFC, UK, 3794 ft.
The House of Temperley (1913), LFC, UK, 4500 ft.
The Cub (1913), Universal/IMP, USA, 1 reel
The Old Melody (1913), Universal/IMP, USA, 2 reels
The Wizard of the Jungle (1913), World’s Best Film Co, USA, 2 reels.
The Phantom Ship (1913)
*At Bear Track Gulch (1912), Edison, USA, 14 min. (Available on DVD from Museum of Modern Art, New York)
*The Land Beyond the Sunset (1912) Edison, USA, 14 min. (Available on DVD from the National Film Preservation Foundation)
The Librarian (1912), Edison, USA
Helping John (1912), Edison, USA
The Dam Builder (1912), Edison, USA
The Cub Reporter (1912), Edison, USA
Kid from the Klondyke (1911), Edison, USA

Source:
http://www.latrobe.edu.au/screeningthepast/25/rose-of-rhodesia/appendix-e.html