Fiche Film
Cinéma/TV
LONG Métrage | 2011
Affaire Chebeya, un crime d’État ? (L’)
Thierry Michel
Date de sortie en France : 04/04/2012
Pays concerné : République démocratique du Congo
Réalisateur(s) : Thierry Michel
Avec : Christine Pireaux
Durée : 96
Genre : politique
Type : documentaire

Français

Le 2 juin 2010, Floribert Chebeya, un défenseur réputé des Droits de l’Homme, est retrouvé assassiné dans sa voiture. Macabre mise en scène sexuelle, sa mort apparait très rapidement comme un meurtre perpétré par les services de la police. Porté disparu, Fidèle Bazana, son chauffeur, est considéré comme la seconde victime du meurtre. Cinq mois plus tard, commence un procès exceptionnel devant la cour militaire de Kinshasa…

Un film de Thierry Michel, Belgique, 2011, Documentaire

L’AFFAIRE CHEBEYA de Thierry Michel // FDL 2011 // 23.11 20h00 // KVS from BRUXELLES LAIQUE on Vimeo.



Le 2 juin 2010, Floribert Chebeya, militant congolais des Droits de l’Homme et directeur de l’ONG  » La voix des sans voix », est retrouvé assassiné dans sa voiture. Sa mort a été grossièrement maquillée en crime sexuel. Fidèle Bazana, son chauffeur, a disparu.

Très vite, il apparait qu’il s’agit d’un meurtre perpétré par les services policiers du général Numbi, inspecteur principal de la police congolaise. Plusieurs fonctionnaires de police sont arrêtés, dont l’adjoint du général Numbi, le colonel Mukalay. Le général Numbi est suspendu de ses fonctions. Trois policiers fuient à l’étranger. Ce crime intervient à moins d’un mois du cinquantième anniversaire de l’indépendance du Congo, alors que Floribert Chebeya multipliait les enquêtes sur des sujets sensibles en matière de droits humains.

Les Nations Unies, l’Union européenne, les Etats-Unis, et de nombreuses ONG réclament aux autorités du Congo « une enquête indépendante, impartiale et transparente ». La veuve Chebeya quitte la RDC pour se réfugier au Canada. La pression internationale est forte, et le pouvoir met en place un procès devant de la cour militaire.

L’autorité judiciaire est-t-elle capable d’exercer une justice impartiale ?

Un film documentaire de Thierry Michel

2011, Belgique, Documentaire, 1h30min, Lingala/Français sous-titré français/Néerlandais

Réalisation, caméra
Thierry Michel

Scénario
Thierry Michel

Montage
Idriss Gabel

Conseiller montage
Emmanuelle Dupuis

Mixage
François Fripiat

Narrateur
Rachid Benbouchta

Administration de production
Céline Rauw

Secrétaire de production
François Dombret

Producteur délégué
Christine Pireaux

Une production
Les films de la Passerelle

Version cinéma : 96 min
Version Télé : 58 et 70min
Support : HD – Beta Digit
Versions : français, anglais, néerlandais


DISTRIBUTION
Belgique : Les Films de la Passerelle | www.passerelle.be
France : Les Films du Paradoxe | www.filmsduparadoxe.com
Internationale : Doc&Film International | www.docandfilm.com

PRODUCTION
Les Films de la Passerelle :
62 rue Renory 4031 Liège Belgique
Tél : +32 (0)4 342 36 02
Fax : +32 (0)4 343 07 20
films@passerelle.be | www.passerelle.be

Partenaires du film
Les Films de la Passerelle,
Centre du cinéma de la Fédération Wallonie Bruxelles,
RTBF, CBA, PIL, EVS, OSISA, FIDH-OMCT,
ASDI, Centre Carter, DGD, TSR, TV5, Bruxelles Laïque.


23 novembre 2011 | Festival des Libertés, Bruxelles, Belgique
* Avant-première mondiale !
Projection suivie d’un échange avec le réalisateur et d’un drink
www.festivaldeslibertes.be/fase5.php?event=431

Le film sortira en salles en Belgique et en France début 2012
De nombreux débats seront organisés avec plusieurs organisations de Droits de l’Homme, d’avocats et d’ONG.

Il sera projeté en mars aux Nations Unies à Genève et sera présenté en février/mars en République Démocratique du Congo.


http://chebeya.canalblog.com/

English

Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. On 3 June 2010, Floribert Chebeya, a well-known human rights activist, was found murdered in his car. The body of Fidèle Bazana, his driver, was not found. Although crudely made to seem like a sex crime, it quickly became apparent that they were assassinated by the henchmen of the Congolese chief of police, General Numbi. Floribert’s funeral on the eve of the 50th anniversary of national independence was marked by large demonstrations. Five months later, a mega-trial began in a Kinshasa military courtroom….

Directed by Thierry Michel

2011, Belgium, Documentary, 1h36min, Lingala/French subtitled

Director
Thierry Michel

Scenario
Thierry Michel

Editor
Idriss Gabel

Editor adviser
Emmanuelle Dupuis

Mixing
François Fripiat

Narrator
Rachid Benbouchta

Administration of production
Céline Rauw

Secretary of production
François Dombret

Executive producer
Christine Pireaux

Producer
Les films de la Passerelle


Cinema version: 96 min
TV version : 58 et 70min
Support : HD – Beta Digit
Versions : French, English, Dutch

CHARACTERS

Floribert CHEBEYA
The human rights activist, Floribert Chebeya, was a personality in Congolese civil society, often consulted by the United Nations regarding human rights questions in Central Africa. He fought in the most sensitive fields from the end of the eighties on. Floribert Chebeya was internationally recognised for his integrity and his obstinate defence of dossiers on assassinations, repression and corruption. In May 2010, two weeks before his assassination, Floribert Chebeya denounced the cost of the celebrations for the fiftieth anniversary of the Independence of the Congo in the face of the fact that the bulk of the Congolese population lived in poverty. He announced his filing of a complaint against John Numbi before the International Criminal Court for the massacre of a Bas Congo tribe. For years, he had been the target of threats, intimidation and arrests by the Congolese authorities.

General John NUMBI
General John Numbi BanzaTambo, 48, chief of the Congolese police, officially suspended after the death of Floribert Chebeya for the purposes of the investigation, is a close collaborator of President Joseph Kabila. Numbi is the man who deals with delicate missions. It is he, with his famous Simba Batallion, who flew to the aid of Kabila during his confrontation with the militiamen of Jean-Pierre Bemba, in Kinshasa, in March 2007, following his defeat during the presidential elections. It was also he who was given the task of negotiating with Laurent Nkunda, the former rebel leader, and with coordinating Operation Umoja wetu, jointly led in North Kivu by the Congolese and Rwandan armies in 2009 against the rebel forces. Finally, he also quashed the demonstrations of the dissident BundudiaKongo movement, in Bas Congo, which resulted in dozens of deaths.


Annie CHEBEYA, Floribert’s wife
Annie Chebeya accompanied Floribert through thick and thin in his life as a human rights activist. Today, she has taken refuge in Montreal, Canada, with her five children. But Annie has not, for all that, given up Floribert’s cause and has followed the trial closely from Montreal, regularly intervening over the Internet to denounce the drifts in procedure and above all to the absence on the accused bench of the person whom she considers to be the main suspect and probable guilty party, General Numbi.

Marie-José BAZANA, wife of the missing chauffeur
Marie-José Bazana is the wife of Fidel Bazana. The youngest of her eight children is just 5 years old. She lived near to the family of Floribert to whom her husband, Floribert’s chauffeur, was related. Fear, and above all, a sense of abandonment havegnawed at her. Despite constant efforts, she has not been able to retrieve the body of her husband. At the end of the trial she obtained a visa for herself and her family and has taken refuge in France.
colonet mukalay

Colonel Daniel MUKALAYWA MATESO
Head of Special Services and John Numbi’s right-hand man, it is this man who contacted Floribert Chebeya to confirm the time of his appointment with General Numbi. He is considered to be the coordinator of Chebeya’s assassination. He and his team are suspected of interfering with the inquiry, seizing evidence, and hindering investigations. He is accused of conspiracy, kidnapping, assassination and terrorism. Despite his repeated denials, the Military Court of Kinshasa handed hima death sentence. But is he the main man behind the crime? The families of the victims and the NGOs have their doubts.
temoin gomer

The Cameroonian witness Gomer MARTEL
Veritable cornerstone of the trial, Gomer Martel, a Cameroonian who lived in DRC for twenty years, is the sole witness to the presence of Floribert Chebeya in the police premises on the day of his assassination. After having given testimony, he became the victim of pressure and threats and went into hiding before fleeing abroad, leaving all his possessions behind him in DRC.


Documentary presented as a sneak preview at Festival des Libertés 2011 (Brussels, Belgium) and followed by a discussion with Thierry Michel (filmmaker, journalist and photographer)
www.festivaldeslibertes.be/fase5.php?event=431#431

_________________

NL
Kinshasa in Democratische Republiek Congo. Op 3 juni 2010 wordt de bekende mensenrechtenactivist, Floribert Chebeya, vermoord teruggevonden in zijn wagen. Eerst wordt koudweg gemeld dat het om een seksueel misdrijf gaat. Al snel blijkt dat hij is vermoord door mensen van de dienst van de bekende generaal John Numbi, het hoofd van de nationale politie. De begrafenis van Floribert, op de vooravond van de vijftigste verjaardag van de Congolese onafhankelijkheid, leidt tot massale betogingen. Vijf maanden later begint een megaproces voor de militaire rechtbank in Kinshasa…